HSV-1 virus is usually transmitted through physical contact. Any kind of mouth-to-mouth contact can also transmit the virus to the uninfected person.
On the contrary, HSV2 virus is transmitted mainly through sexual intercourse and genital contact.
Herpes infection is actually triggered by the herpes simplex virus. It enters through the skin and makes its way to the nerves. The virus creates problems when it becomes active.
So what happens when you have active herpes?
When the herpes simplex virus activates in the body, it causes painful skin sores and blisters.
When a person has HSV-1 herpes virus, the areas around the mouth and lips are infected. In the case of HSV-2 herpes virus, the areas around the eyes and neck also become infected, along with the genital areas.
Moreover, the virus can also come in contact with an uninfected person through broken skin, the mouth, penis, vagina, or anus.
Herpes are most contagious when the sores and ulcers burst open. Not just this, herpes can also spread as a result of asymptomatic shedding.
Asymptomatic shedding is not easily identified so you might benefit from considering herpes as contagious at all times. This means that you must be careful with or without the presence of symptoms.
Another cause of herpes is re-infection. This occurs when you rub or scratch an uninfected area of your skin after touching the infected area.
Females who have herpes risk transmitting the virus to their babies when giving birth. This is the reason women should have their babies delivered through a C-section. Vaginal delivery will expose their babies to the herpes simplex virus.
The symptoms of herpes simplex virus vary from being mild to extremely severe.
You must know that the virus may or may not show these symptoms. In order to determine whether you have herpes or not, you must get a physical examination done by a doctor.
Some of the most common symptoms of herpes include painful cold sores and blisters. These sores are extremely tingling and burning, and they occur in the form of small bumps. Over time, these bumps take the shape of fluid-filled blisters, and after bursting open, they take the shape of ulcers. These ulcers then become crust and the healing takes place over several weeks.
These sores and blisters can be found around your mouth, lips, back, neck, eyes, and genital areas.
Flu-like symptoms will also be there, so you cannot know for sure if you have the herpes simplex virus.
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